Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Madagascar

We show the climate in Madagascar by comparing the average weather in 3 representative places: Antananarivo, Toamasina, and Mahajanga.

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Antananarivo
Madagascar
Toamasina
Madagascar
Mahajanga
Madagascar
Map

Average High and Low Temperature in Madagascar

Average High and Low Temperature in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F635080687564867677669187NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground.
HighJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 80°F79°F79°F77°F74°F69°F68°F70°F74°F78°F80°F80°F
Toamasina 86°F86°F85°F83°F81°F78°F76°F77°F78°F80°F83°F85°F
Mahajanga 88°F88°F90°F91°F90°F88°F87°F88°F89°F90°F91°F89°F
LowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 63°F63°F62°F60°F56°F51°F50°F51°F53°F57°F60°F62°F
Toamasina 74°F75°F74°F72°F69°F66°F64°F64°F65°F68°F70°F73°F
Mahajanga 76°F76°F76°F75°F71°F67°F66°F67°F70°F73°F76°F77°F

Antananarivo

Average Hourly Temperature in AntananarivoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmcomfortablecold

Toamasina

Average Hourly Temperature in ToamasinaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablecomfortablewarmhotcool

Mahajanga

Average Hourly Temperature in MahajangaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablewarmwarmhotcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Madagascar

Chance of Clearer Skies in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%87169122NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 17%21%32%62%81%86%84%83%85%73%49%24%
Toamasina 23%26%37%64%82%87%87%88%91%82%61%33%
Mahajanga 16%18%30%62%80%88%89%90%88%81%58%27%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Madagascar

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%84107513854NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 25.0d22.7d20.4d12.0d6.8d6.1d6.7d4.2d3.7d9.6d15.6d22.3d
Toamasina 20.7d20.5d19.9d13.4d10.4d9.1d9.4d6.7d4.3d5.0d8.3d15.0d
Mahajanga 25.6d22.1d17.7d7.5d2.0d1.7d2.4d1.8d1.3d3.5d10.0d20.2d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Madagascar

Average Monthly Rainfall in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec5 in5 in10 in10 in15 in15 in16.80.611.10.915.6NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
RainfallJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 16.7″15.4″10.5″4.0″1.5″1.2″1.3″0.8″0.8″2.9″6.6″12.8″
Toamasina 9.9″11.1″9.4″5.4″3.0″2.4″2.2″1.4″0.9″1.3″2.3″6.0″
Mahajanga 14.7″14.0″7.5″2.7″0.4″0.3″0.4″0.3″0.3″0.8″3.1″8.5″

Hours of Daylight in Madagascar

Hours of Daylight in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr13.311.0NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
DaylightJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 13.1h12.7h12.2h11.6h11.2h11.0h11.1h11.5h12.0h12.5h13.0h13.3h
Toamasina 13.1h12.7h12.2h11.7h11.3h11.1h11.2h11.5h12.0h12.5h13.0h13.2h
Mahajanga 12.9h12.6h12.2h11.7h11.4h11.2h11.3h11.6h12.0h12.5h12.9h13.0h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Madagascar

Chance of Muggy Conditions in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%351004910023NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 9.8d9.3d7.5d2.9d0.6d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.7d2.6d6.6d
Toamasina 31.0d28.0d31.0d29.8d28.9d21.0d16.2d15.7d19.4d26.6d29.1d30.9d
Mahajanga 30.9d28.0d30.9d28.9d23.1d11.4d7.4d9.3d14.2d22.2d26.9d30.4d

Average Wind Speed in Madagascar

Average Wind Speed in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mph9 mph9 mph10 mph10 mph11 mph11 mph12 mph12 mph9.36.68.87.411.37.1NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 7.67.87.57.27.38.39.29.18.57.76.96.8
Toamasina 7.67.87.77.67.88.58.78.37.87.77.57.5
Mahajanga 8.18.17.27.78.910.311.111.110.59.68.67.7

Average Water Temperature in Madagascar

Average Water Temperature in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec74°F74°F76°F76°F78°F78°F80°F80°F82°F82°F84°F84°F86°F86°FNaN83758578NowNowToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The daily average wide-area surface water temperature.
Water Temp.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Toamasina 83°F83°F83°F82°F80°F78°F76°F75°F76°F77°F79°F81°F
Mahajanga 85°F85°F85°F85°F83°F80°F78°F78°F79°F81°F83°F84°F

Tourism Score in Madagascar

Tourism Score in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.53.88.82.47.81.7NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Madagascar

Beach/Pool Score in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810104.01.17.83.79.02.8NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Madagascar

Growing Season in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Madagascar

Growing Degree Days in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°F12,000°F12,000°FNowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Madagascar

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MadagascarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh7.04.64.27.45.1NowNowAntananarivoAntananarivoToamasinaToamasinaMahajangaMahajanga
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Antananarivo 6.26.16.05.75.14.74.85.66.67.06.96.4
Toamasina 5.95.75.65.34.74.24.45.16.26.97.16.5
Mahajanga 5.25.25.55.85.55.25.46.27.07.46.95.8

This report illustrates the typical weather for Antananarivo, Toamasina, and Mahajanga year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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