Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Greenland

We show the climate in Greenland by comparing the average weather in 4 representative places: Qaqortoq, Sisimiut, Danmarkshavn, and Thule Air Base.

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Thule Air Base

Average High and Low Temperature in Greenland

Average High and Low Temperature in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-20°F-20°F-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F4317522721036-1444-339-1946-7NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground.
Qaqortoq 27°F27°F29°F37°F44°F49°F52°F51°F46°F39°F33°F29°F
Sisimiut 13°F11°F14°F25°F36°F45°F50°F48°F41°F32°F25°F19°F
Danmarkshavn -1°F-2°F-1°F9°F24°F38°F43°F40°F29°F13°F4°F1°F
Thule Air Base -5°F-7°F-4°F10°F28°F40°F46°F42°F32°F19°F9°F0°F
Qaqortoq 18°F18°F20°F27°F34°F38°F41°F42°F39°F32°F26°F21°F
Sisimiut 5°F2°F5°F16°F28°F36°F41°F40°F35°F27°F19°F12°F
Danmarkshavn -12°F-14°F-13°F-2°F16°F30°F35°F33°F22°F5°F-5°F-10°F
Thule Air Base -17°F-19°F-16°F-3°F19°F33°F38°F35°F24°F9°F-3°F-12°F


Average Hourly Temperature in QaqortoqJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcold


Average Hourly Temperature in SisimiutJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldfrigid


Average Hourly Temperature in DanmarkshavnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidvery coldfreezing

Thule Air Base

Average Hourly Temperature in Thule Air BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidvery coldfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Greenland

Chance of Clearer Skies in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%482941155427NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Qaqortoq 31%33%41%42%40%37%37%39%43%46%42%36%
Sisimiut 15%17%21%28%37%40%37%35%39%35%25%17%
Danmarkshavn 19%22%26%40%51%52%48%48%46%40%30%23%
Thule Air Base 31%29%32%41%51%53%49%44%47%37%31%31%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Greenland

Daily Chance of Precipitation in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%4026287184251NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavn
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Qaqortoq 10.5d9.0d8.4d8.8d9.7d10.4d10.5d10.8d11.2d9.7d10.1d10.1d
Sisimiut 3.1d2.2d2.6d4.2d5.0d6.1d7.4d8.4d6.9d6.0d6.4d3.8d
Danmarkshavn 5.0d4.3d4.0d3.2d1.9d1.4d3.2d3.7d4.0d3.4d3.9d4.9d
Thule Air Base 0.6d0.5d0.5d1.0d1.8d3.5d6.0d6.8d4.5d3.8d2.1d1.2d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Greenland

Average Monthly Rainfall in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 in5. Air BaseThule Air Base
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Qaqortoq 2.3″2.5″2.0″2.8″3.6″4.2″4.4″5.2″5.7″4.3″4.4″2.5″
Sisimiut 0.1″0.1″0.1″0.4″0.9″1.3″1.9″2.4″1.9″1.1″0.7″0.2″
Danmarkshavn 0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.2″0.8″1.0″0.5″0.1″0.0″0.0″
Thule Air Base 0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.1″0.7″1.5″1.7″0.6″0.1″0.1″0.0″

Average Monthly Snowfall in Greenland

Average Monthly Snowfall in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in5 in5 in10 in10 in15 in15 in20 in20 in19.16.815.40.15.9NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The average snowfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Qaqortoq 18.0″18.0″12.9″6.7″2.0″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.2″2.5″9.2″15.3″
Sisimiut 3.6″3.6″3.7″4.5″2.2″0.3″0.1″0.0″0.3″3.0″6.7″5.1″
Danmarkshavn 14.1″12.8″11.7″8.9″3.7″1.3″0.1″0.8″7.8″9.0″10.7″14.0″
Thule Air Base 0.9″0.8″0.7″1.3″1.3″0.8″0.1″0.7″3.2″5.8″3.1″1.7″

Hours of Daylight in Greenland

Hours of Daylight in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr0 hr2 hr2 hr4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr22 hr22 hr24 hr24 hr19.25.624.01.6NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
Qaqortoq 6.7h9.1h11.9h14.8h17.4h19.0h18.1h15.6h12.8h10.0h7.3h5.8h
Sisimiut 4.2h8.1h11.9h15.7h20.1h24.0h21.8h16.9h13.0h9.3h5.3h2.1h
Danmarkshavn 0.0h3.4h11.7h20.1h24.0h24.0h24.0h22.3h13.9h6.3h0.0h0.0h
Thule Air Base 0.0h3.6h11.8h19.9h24.0h24.0h24.0h22.1h13.9h6.5h0.0h0.0h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Greenland

Chance of Muggy Conditions in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiut
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Qaqortoq 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Sisimiut 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Danmarkshavn 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Thule Air Base 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

Average Wind Speed in Greenland

Average Wind Speed in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mph15.66.910.916.37.510.78.6NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavn
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Qaqortoq 15.314.713.
Danmarkshavn 15.915.515.
Thule Air Base

Average Water Temperature in Greenland

Average Water Temperature in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec28°F28°F30°F30°F32°F32°F34°F34°F36°F36°F38°F38°F40°F40°F42°F42°F39314131332936NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The daily average wide-area surface water temperature.
Water Temp.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Qaqortoq 32°F31°F31°F32°F33°F35°F38°F39°F38°F36°F34°F33°F
Sisimiut 31°F31°F31°F32°F33°F36°F39°F41°F39°F36°F34°F32°F
Danmarkshavn 29°F29°F29°F29°F29°F30°F32°F32°F31°F30°F29°F29°F
Thule Air Base 30°F30°F30°F30°F30°F32°F35°F36°F33°F31°F30°F30°F

Tourism Score in Greenland

Tourism Score in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810101.00.2NowNowThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Greenland

Beach/Pool Score in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec00224466881010NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoq
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Greenland

Growing Season in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Greenland

Growing Degree Days in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F20°F20°F40°F40°F60°F60°F80°F80°F100°F100°FNowNowQaqortoqQaqortoqSisimiutSisimiutDanmarkshavnDanmarkshavnThule Air BaseThule Air Base
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Greenland

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in GreenlandJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh5. Air BaseThule Air Base
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Thule Air Base

This report illustrates the typical weather for Qaqortoq, Sisimiut, Danmarkshavn, and Thule Air Base year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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