Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Australia

We show the climate in Australia by comparing the average weather in 5 representative places: Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns, and Perth.

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Victoria, Australia
New South Wales, Australia
Queensland, Australia
Queensland, Australia
Western Australia, Australia

Average High and Low Temperature in Australia

Average High and Low Temperature in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec35°F35°F40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F95°F95°F100°F100°F58437955684780627184687663887765864096NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding perceived temperatures.
Melbourne 78°F78°F74°F67°F61°F56°F55°F57°F61°F65°F70°F74°F
Sydney 80°F79°F77°F72°F68°F63°F62°F65°F70°F73°F75°F78°F
Brisbane 84°F83°F81°F78°F73°F69°F68°F71°F75°F78°F80°F82°F
Cairns 88°F87°F86°F84°F81°F78°F77°F79°F82°F84°F86°F87°F
Perth 85°F86°F82°F76°F70°F65°F63°F64°F67°F71°F76°F81°F
Melbourne 58°F58°F55°F51°F47°F45°F44°F44°F46°F49°F52°F55°F
Sydney 68°F68°F65°F59°F54°F49°F47°F49°F54°F58°F62°F65°F
Brisbane 70°F70°F67°F62°F56°F51°F49°F51°F55°F61°F65°F68°F
Cairns 76°F76°F74°F72°F69°F65°F64°F64°F67°F70°F73°F75°F
Perth 65°F65°F62°F58°F53°F50°F48°F49°F50°F53°F58°F62°F


Average Hourly Temperature in MelbourneJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablevery cold


Average Hourly Temperature in SydneyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmcold


Average Hourly Temperature in BrisbaneJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmcold


Average Hourly Temperature in CairnsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablecomfortablewarmhothotcool


Average Hourly Temperature in PerthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmcoldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Australia

Chance of Clearer Skies in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%72548062886864198669NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Melbourne 69%71%68%62%57%55%60%62%63%62%60%63%
Sydney 70%71%73%70%66%68%75%78%76%69%63%67%
Brisbane 69%70%76%75%71%75%83%87%87%78%70%69%
Cairns 20%22%32%47%53%53%58%62%63%60%48%29%
Perth 85%82%77%70%70%72%74%77%81%81%80%83%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Australia

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%3412301637116712423NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Melbourne 4.7d4.0d4.9d6.6d8.1d9.1d9.7d10.1d9.5d8.7d7.1d6.3d
Sydney 8.2d8.2d8.3d7.7d6.6d6.5d5.8d5.2d5.5d7.0d8.2d7.6d
Brisbane 9.7d10.4d9.5d8.2d8.1d5.6d4.3d4.6d4.9d6.8d8.6d9.8d
Cairns 17.7d18.7d17.2d14.8d10.8d5.9d5.1d4.7d3.8d4.9d8.6d12.3d
Perth 1.3d1.3d2.2d4.0d8.4d11.3d12.6d11.0d8.3d4.6d2.9d1.5d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Australia

Average Monthly Rainfall in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in5 in5 in10 in10 in15 in15 in2.
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Melbourne 1.5″1.3″1.3″1.7″1.8″2.0″1.9″2.0″2.1″2.2″2.1″1.8″
Sydney 3.2″4.0″3.1″3.1″2.7″2.6″1.9″2.0″1.8″2.3″2.9″2.5″
Brisbane 4.7″5.5″4.1″3.8″3.6″2.5″1.6″1.6″1.5″2.6″3.6″4.3″
Cairns 13.6″16.3″14.0″7.9″4.3″2.0″1.5″1.2″1.1″1.8″3.6″7.0″
Perth 0.5″0.5″0.6″1.2″3.1″4.4″4.6″3.5″2.3″1.1″0.7″0.3″

Hours of Daylight in Australia

Hours of Daylight in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr14.89.513.910.413.111.1NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
Melbourne 14.4h13.5h12.3h11.1h10.1h9.6h9.8h10.7h11.9h13.1h14.2h14.7h
Sydney 14.1h13.3h12.3h11.2h10.4h9.9h10.1h10.9h11.9h12.9h13.9h14.4h
Brisbane 13.7h13.0h12.2h11.4h10.8h10.4h10.6h11.2h11.9h12.8h13.5h13.8h
Cairns 13.0h12.6h12.2h11.7h11.3h11.1h11.2h11.6h12.0h12.5h12.9h13.1h
Perth 14.0h13.2h12.3h11.3h10.5h10.1h10.3h11.0h11.9h12.9h13.8h14.2h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Australia

Chance of Muggy Conditions in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%4416899138NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Melbourne 1.1d1.0d0.4d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.2d0.5d
Sydney 10.6d11.0d6.3d1.2d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.2d1.8d5.5d
Brisbane 19.2d18.6d13.5d5.5d1.5d0.1d0.1d0.1d0.7d3.3d8.5d15.0d
Cairns 30.6d28.7d30.0d25.7d19.1d9.2d5.3d5.4d9.9d18.9d25.7d29.7d
Perth 1.8d2.1d1.6d0.8d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.6d

Average Wind Speed in Australia

Average Wind Speed in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph10.
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Brisbane 9.810.
Perth 14.013.712.911.811.812.612.512.112.212.513.413.9

Average Water Temperature in Australia

Average Water Temperature in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F68527464806884747265NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The daily average wide-area surface water temperature.
Water Temp.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Melbourne 67°F68°F67°F64°F59°F56°F53°F52°F54°F57°F61°F65°F
Sydney 73°F73°F73°F72°F69°F67°F65°F64°F65°F66°F68°F70°F
Brisbane 79°F79°F78°F76°F73°F71°F69°F68°F69°F72°F75°F77°F
Cairns 84°F84°F83°F81°F78°F76°F74°F75°F76°F79°F81°F83°F
Perth 71°F72°F72°F72°F71°F69°F68°F66°F66°F66°F67°F69°F

Tourism Score in Australia

Tourism Score in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Australia

Beach/Pool Score in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810102.
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Australia

Growing Season in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Australia

Growing Degree Days in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FNowNowCairnsCairnsBrisbaneBrisbaneSydneySydneyMelbourneMelbournePerthPerth
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Australia

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in AustraliaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh8.
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

This report illustrates the typical weather for Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns, and Perth year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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