This report describes the typical weather at the Cairns International Airport (Cairns, Australia) weather station over the course of an average November. It is based on the historical records from 1988 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Cairns has a tropical monsoon climate with short dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (46%), forests (34%), and grasslands (20%).
The month of November is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 86°F throughout the month, exceeding 90°F or dropping below 83°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of November, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is November 1 with 12:43 hours of daylight; the longest day is November 30 with 13:03 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:34am on November 22; the latest sunset is at 6:37pm on November 30; the latest sunrise is at 5:39am on November 1; the earliest sunset is at 6:22pm on November 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover ranges from 43% (partly cloudy) to 55% (partly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 12% from the start to the end of the month.
On November 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.
On November 30, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 37% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around November 30, occurring in 58% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 1, occurring in 47% of days.
Throughout November, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate rain, light rain, and thunderstorms.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 50% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 30, when it is observed during 28% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 28% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 24, when it is observed during 16% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 16% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around November 30, when it is observed during 12% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in November or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 53% (mildly humid) to 91% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 42% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 97% (very humid).
The air is driest around November 1, at which time the relative humidity drops below 59% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 30, rising above 87% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical November, the dew point typically varies from 64°F (mildy humid) to 73°F (very muggy) and is rarely below 59°F (comfortable) or above 78°F (oppressive).
Over the course of November typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 15 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 20 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 30, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).