This report describes the typical weather at the Tocumen International Airport (Panama City) weather station over the course of an average November. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Panama City has a tropical monsoon climate with short dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (37%), forests (33%), and croplands (25%).
The month of November is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 87°F throughout the month, exceeding 91°F or dropping below 82°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of November, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is November 30 with 11:38 hours of daylight; the longest day is November 3 with 11:47 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:07am on November 2; the latest sunset is at 5:55pm on November 30; the latest sunrise is at 6:18am on November 30; the earliest sunset is at 5:53pm on November 11.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover ranges from 49% (partly cloudy) to 61% (partly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be clearing with the median cloud cover decreasing by 12% from the start to the end of the month.
On November 30, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.
On November 1, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 27% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around November 1, occurring in 80% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 30, occurring in 56% of days.
Throughout November, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms and moderate rain.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 61% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 53% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 26% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 12, when it is observed during 19% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in November or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 66% (mildly humid) to 98% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 56% (mildly humid) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around November 30, at which time the relative humidity drops below 72% (humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 1, rising above 98% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical November, the dew point typically varies from 71°F (very muggy) to 77°F (oppressive) and is rarely below 68°F (muggy) or above 79°F (oppressive).
Over the course of November typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 11 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 16 mph (moderate breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 3 mph (light breeze) occurs around November 30, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 3 mph (light air) occurs around November 15, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 10 mph (gentle breeze).