This report describes the typical weather at the Billard Municipal Airport (Topeka, Kansas, United States) weather station over the course of an average September. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Topeka, Kansas has a humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (76%) and croplands (19%).
The month of September is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 86°F to 74°F over the course of the month, exceeding 96°F or dropping below 63°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of September, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1:12 hours, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 2.4 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is September 30 with 11:48 hours of daylight; the longest day is September 1 with 13:00 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:51am on September 1; the latest sunset is at 7:52pm on September 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:18am on September 30; the earliest sunset is at 7:06pm on September 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in September, so the entire month is in daylight time.
The median cloud cover is 17% (mostly clear) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On September 15, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 59% of the time, partly cloudy 11% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 27% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around September 1, occurring in 37% of days. Precipitation is least likely around September 27, occurring in 33% of days.
Throughout September, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms, light rain, and moderate rain.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 54% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around September 2, when it is observed during 22% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 25% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around September 28, when it is observed during 9% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 15% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around September 30, when it is observed during 6% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in September or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 43% (comfortable) to 92% (very humid) over the course of a typical September, rarely dropping below 26% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around September 30, at which time the relative humidity drops below 49% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around September 17, rising above 89% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical September, the dew point typically varies from 44°F (dry) to 67°F (muggy) and is rarely below 33°F (dry) or above 73°F (very muggy).
The time of the month between September 7 and September 30 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of September typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 15 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 22 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around September 27, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around September 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).