This report describes the typical weather at the Billard Municipal Airport (Topeka, Kansas, United States) weather station over the course of an average November. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Topeka, Kansas has a humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (76%) and croplands (19%).
The month of November is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 61°F to 47°F over the course of the month, exceeding 74°F or dropping below 32°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of November, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 51 minutes, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 1.7 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is November 30 with 9:39 hours of daylight; the longest day is November 1 with 10:30 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:54am on November 4; the latest sunset is at 6:21pm on November 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:52am on November 3; the earliest sunset is at 5:00pm on November 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 1:00am on November 4, 2012, shifting sunrise and sunset to an hour earlier.
The median cloud cover ranges from 32% (mostly clear) to 43% (partly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 10% from the start to the end of the month.
On November 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 59% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time.
On November 29, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 49% of the time.
The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 32%, with little variation over the course of the month.
Throughout November, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, light snow, and thunderstorms.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 32% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 2, when it is observed during 11% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 18% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 6% of all days.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 16% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 30, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 15% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 7% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around November 30, occurring in 13% of days.
Accumulation at this location in November is very unlikely. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around November 30, occurring 6% of the time.
The snow is typically at its deepest on November 27, with a median depth of 2.0"; the depth exceeds 4.5" only one year out of ten.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 47% (comfortable) to 89% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 27% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around November 2, at which time the relative humidity drops below 58% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 1, rising above 84% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical November, the dew point typically varies from 21°F (dry) to 45°F (dry) and is rarely below 8°F (dry) or above 59°F (comfortable).
Over the course of November typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 16 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 23 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 9 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 22, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 16 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 16 mph (moderate breeze).