This report describes the typical weather at the Santa Fe Municipal Airport (Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Santa Fe, New Mexico has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by shrublands (61%), forests (20%), and grasslands (18%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 88°F and is rarely below 9°F or above 94°F.
The warm season lasts from May 26 to September 13 with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is June 30, with an average high of 88°F and low of 59°F.
The cold season lasts from November 21 to February 19 with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 1, with an average low of 19°F and high of 41°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 9:45 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 14:35 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:48am on June 9 and the latest sunset is at 8:24pm on July 1. The latest sunrise is at 7:29am on November 3 and the earliest sunset is at 4:51pm on December 5.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 11 and ending in the fall on November 4.
The median cloud cover ranges from 11% (mostly clear) to 37% (mostly clear). The sky is cloudiest on August 5 and clearest on November 7. The clearer part of the year begins around September 12. The cloudier part of the year begins around February 7.
On November 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.
On August 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 43% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 38% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around August 3, occurring in 48% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 7, occurring in 19% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms, light rain, and light snow.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 40% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around August 1, when it is observed during 35% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 24% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around August 19, when it is observed during 11% of all days.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 20% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 10, when it is observed during 15% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 26 to September 13, there is a 39% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of thunderstorms (68% of days with precipitation have at worst thunderstorms), light rain (24%), and moderate rain (5%).
During the cold season, which lasts from November 21 to February 19, there is a 24% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light snow (56% of days with precipitation have at worst light snow), moderate snow (21%), and light rain (14%).
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 10, occurring in 21% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from November 2 to April 19.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 17% (dry) to 89% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 8% (very dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around June 9, at which time the relative humidity drops below 20% (dry) three days out of four; it is most humid around December 22, exceeding 81% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 10°F (dry) to 55°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below 0°F (dry) or above 61°F (comfortable).
The time of the year between July 4 and September 8 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 21 mph (calm to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 29 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around April 11, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 21 mph (fresh breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around August 23, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 17 mph (moderate breeze).