This report describes the typical weather at the Gardez (Gardez, Afghanistan) weather station over the course of an average January. It is based on the historical records from 2005 to 2011. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Gardez has a cold desert climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (51%), shrublands (45%), and croplands (4%).
The month of January is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 42°F to 36°F over the course of the month, exceeding 47°F or dropping below 26°F only one day in ten. Daily low temperatures range from 17°F to 22°F, falling below 4°F or exceeding 28°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of January, the length of the day is gradually increasing. The shortest day of the month is January 1 with 9:49 hours of sunlight; the longest day is January 31 with 10:23 hours of sunlight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:55am on January 30 and the latest sunrise is at 7:03am on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:51pm on January 1 and the latest sunset is at 5:19pm on January 31.
Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover ranges from partly cloudy (41%) to partly cloudy (52%). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 12% from the start to the end of the month.
On January 2, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
On January 31, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 36% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around January 31, occurring in 42% of days. Precipitation is least likely around January 1, occurring in 23% of days.
Throughout January, the most common forms of precipitation are light snow and moderate snow.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 56% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 31, when it is observed during 23% of all days.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 24% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 20, when it is observed during 9% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 31, occurring in 34% of days.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location in January or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 31% (comfortable) to 79% (humid) over the course of a typical January, rarely dropping below 19% (dry), or exceeding 88% (very humid).
The air is driest around January 1, at which time the relative humidity drops below 37% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 31, rising above 75% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical January, the dew point typically varies from 4°F (dry) to 20°F (dry) and is rarely below -5°F (dry) or above 28°F (dry).
Over the course of January typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 7 mph (calm to light breeze), rarely exceeding 11 mph (gentle breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 4 mph (light breeze) occurs around January 8, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 7 mph (light breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 3 mph (light air) occurs around January 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 7 mph (light breeze).