This report describes the typical weather at the Dane County Regional Airport (Madison, Wisconsin, United States) weather station over the course of an average November. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Madison, Wisconsin has a humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (49%), croplands (45%), and lakes and rivers (3%).
The month of November is characterized by very rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 52Â°F to 36Â°F over the course of the month, exceeding 65Â°F or dropping below 24Â°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of November, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1:02 hours, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 2.1 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is November 30 with 9:14 hours of daylight; the longest day is November 1 with 10:16 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:37am on November 4; the latest sunset is at 5:49pm on November 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:36am on November 3; the earliest sunset is at 4:23pm on November 30.
Daylight savings time (DST) ends at 1:00am on November 4, 2012, shifting sunrise and sunset to an hour earlier.
The median cloud cover ranges from 73% (partly cloudy) to 88% (mostly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 15% from the start to the end of the month.
On November 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time.
On November 30, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 34% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around November 30, occurring in 55% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 1, occurring in 47% of days.
Throughout November, the most common forms of precipitation are light snow, light rain, and moderate rain.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 39% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 30, when it is observed during 28% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 23% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 15% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 15% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 10% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around November 30, occurring in 37% of days.
Accumulation at this location in November is just less likely than not. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around November 30, occurring 35% of the time.
The snow is typically at its deepest on November 30, with a median depth of 2.0"; the depth exceeds 5.7" only one year out of ten.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 53% (mildly humid) to 90% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 34% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around November 1, at which time the relative humidity drops below 63% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 19, rising above 86% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical November, the dew point typically varies from 16Â°F (dry) to 40Â°F (dry) and is rarely below 2Â°F (dry) or above 54Â°F (very comfortable).
Over the course of November typical wind speeds vary from 1 mph to 15 mph (light air to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 22 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 22, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 9 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).