This report describes the typical weather at the Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport (Brownsville, Texas, United States) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Brownsville, Texas has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (68%), oceans and seas (16%), marshes (6%), and lakes and rivers (6%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 51Â°F to 94Â°F and is rarely below 39Â°F or above 97Â°F.
The warm season lasts from May 23 to September 23 with an average daily high temperature above 89Â°F. The hottest day of the year is August 9, with an average high of 94Â°F and low of 77Â°F.
The cold season lasts from December 2 to February 18 with an average daily high temperature below 74Â°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 51Â°F and high of 69Â°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 10:32 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 13:46 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:37am on June 9 and the latest sunset is at 8:26pm on July 1. The latest sunrise is at 7:42am on March 11 and the earliest sunset is at 5:38pm on November 29.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 11 and ending in the fall on November 4.
The median cloud cover ranges from 20% (mostly clear) to 84% (mostly cloudy). The sky is cloudiest on January 12 and clearest on August 9. The clearer part of the year begins around May 23. The cloudier part of the year begins around November 21.
On August 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 16% of the time.
On January 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 33% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around January 13, occurring in 40% of days. Precipitation is least likely around May 21, occurring in 23% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, thunderstorms, and moderate rain.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 38% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 6, when it is observed during 20% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 26% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around August 30, when it is observed during 17% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 20% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 8, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 23 to September 23, there is a 27% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of thunderstorms (47% of days with precipitation have at worst thunderstorms), light rain (24%), moderate rain (19%), and heavy rain (10%).
During the cold season, which lasts from December 2 to February 18, there is a 36% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light rain (51% of days with precipitation have at worst light rain), moderate rain (21%), drizzle (18%), and thunderstorms (6%).
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at any time during the year at this location or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 49% (comfortable) to 95% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 29% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around July 28, at which time the relative humidity drops below 53% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 25, exceeding 93% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 45Â°F (dry) to 77Â°F (oppressive) and is rarely below 30Â°F (dry) or above 79Â°F (oppressive).
There are two periods in the year that are most comfortable: The first is between January 1 and March 22 and the second is between November 18 and December 31. The air feels neither too dry nor too muggy during these periods.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 20 mph (calm to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 28 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 13 mph (moderate breeze) occurs around April 27, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 20 mph (fresh breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around September 4, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 16 mph (moderate breeze).