This report describes the historical weather record at the Gilmer (Gilmer, Texas, United States) during 2014. This station has records back to May 2004.
Gilmer, Texas has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by forests (76%) and croplands (20%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Gilmer, Texas during 2014. There were two time changes during 2014:
2014 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 2014 was 2012 and the first after was 2016.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 2014 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Thursday, 20 March 2014.|
|Summer Solstice||Saturday, 21 June 2014.|
|Fall Equinox||Tuesday, 23 September 2014.|
|Winter Solstice||Sunday, 21 December 2014.|
The hottest day of 2014 was August 24, with a high temperature of 99°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 93°F and the high temperature exceeds 100°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 2014 was August with an average daily high temperature of 92°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was February 20. The high temperature that day was 79°F, compared to the average of 62°F, a difference of 17°F. In relative terms the warmest month was October, with an average high temperature of 90°F, compared to an typical value of 77°F.
The longest warm spell was from February 13 to February 24, constituting 12 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of September had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 60% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 2014 was January 6, with a low temperature of 18°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 38°F and the low temperature drops below 28°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 2014 was January with an average daily low temperature of 34°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was April 15. The low temperature that day was 34°F, compared to the average of 55°F, a difference of 21°F. In relative terms the coldest month was March, with an average low temperature of 44°F, compared to an typical value of 49°F.
The longest cold spell was from February 2 to February 14, constituting 13 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of January had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 77% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 2014 was August, with 94% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from August 3 to September 7, constituting 36 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 2014 was February, with 46% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from February 6 to February 13, constituting 8 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station reports both the quantity of liquid precipitation and categorical observations of precipitation (e.g., moderate rain, or heavy snow). Both are subject to erroneous reports, but the former is particularly prone to false reports, especially ones indicating an excessive quantity of precipitation. Please bear this in mind when reading the extrema reported in this section.
The day with the largest quantity of precipitation was May 12. That day saw 2.580" of liquid (or liquid equivalent) precipitation, compared to a median value of 0.142". The month with the most precipitation was May, with 6.605", compared to a median value of 1.437".
As determined by quantitative measurements, the longest dry spell was from August 2 to August 29, constituting 28 consecutive days with no measured precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of dry days was August, with 94% of days reporting no measured precipitation at all.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 2014 with the most precipitation observations was July 31. There were 20 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was April, with 62 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from January 11 to February 1, constituting 22 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was January, with 90% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
Either snow is exceptionally rare at this location or this station did not reliably report it during 2014.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 2014 was January with an average daily low humidity of 35%, and the most humid month was December with an average daily low humidity of 78%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 2014, January had 24 dry days, 7 comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 5 dry days, 18 comfortable days, and 7 humid days; July had no dry days, 1 comfortable day, and 30 humid days; and October had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 2 humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 23 mph, occurring on March 18; the highest daily mean wind speed was 14 mph (February 20); and the highest wind gust speed was 90 mph (October 1).
The windiest month was January, with an average wind speed of 7 mph. The least windy month was July, with an average wind speed of 4 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average visibility was February 9, with an average visibility of 2.2 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was February, with an average visibility of 8.3 mi. With an average visibility of 9.6 mi, the month of January had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was February 8, with an average cloud ceiling of 319'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was October, with an average cloud ceiling of 2023'. The month of April has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 4149'.