This report describes the historical weather record at the Sydney/J.A. Douglas McCurdy Airport (Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada) during 2012. This station has records back to December 1947.
Sydney, Nova Scotia has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (60%), forests (23%), and grasslands (14%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Sydney, Nova Scotia during 2012. There were two time changes during 2012:
2012 was a leap year and thus has 366 days rather than the normal 365. Leap years occur every fourth year and the extra day is always February 29th. In 2012 February 29th falls on a Wednesday.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 2012 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Tuesday, 20 March 2012.|
|Summer Solstice||Wednesday, 20 June 2012.|
|Fall Equinox||Saturday, 22 September 2012.|
|Winter Solstice||Friday, 21 December 2012.|
The hottest day of 2012 was August 27, with a high temperature of 86°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 70°F and the high temperature exceeds 78°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 2012 was August with an average daily high temperature of 77°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was March 22. The high temperature that day was 73°F, compared to the average of 36°F, a difference of 37°F. In relative terms the warmest month was April, with an average high temperature of 49°F, compared to an typical value of 44°F.
The longest warm spell was from August 3 to August 18, constituting 16 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of August had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 87% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 2012 was February 13, with a low temperature of 5°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 14°F and the low temperature drops below 0°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 2012 was February with an average daily low temperature of 19°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was July 21. The low temperature that day was 45°F, compared to the average of 57°F, a difference of 12°F. In relative terms the coldest month was June, with an average low temperature of 47°F, compared to an typical value of 47°F.
The longest cold spell was from March 27 to April 4, constituting 9 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of June had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 47% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The longest freezing spell was from January 31 to February 6, constituting 7 consecutive days with temperatures strictly below freezing.
The clearest month of 2012 was July, with 29% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from July 20 to July 24, constituting 5 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 2012 was January, with 94% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from February 15 to March 10, constituting 25 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 2012 with the most precipitation observations was May 6. There were 24 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was January, with 308 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from August 21 to August 28, constituting 8 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was July, with 55% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was February, with 93% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
In this section we consider only those weather reports that indicate liquid precipitation. For the purposes of this analysis, we include thunderstorms even though some thunderstorms are not accompanied by liquid precipitation.
The month of 2012 with the largest number of those reports was September, with a total of 195 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was May 6, with a total of 24 reports.
This station reports when snow is observed falling but does not report the quantity of snow that has fallen or the depth of snow on the ground.
In this section we consider hourly weather reports that contain an observation of falling snow. These reports do not necessarily correspond to accumulation.
The first reported snow fall in 2012 was on October 13; the last was on April 28. The month of 2012 with the largest number of those reports was February, with a total of 244 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was December 19, with a total of 21 reports.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 2012 was April with an average daily low humidity of 52%, and the most humid month was December with an average daily low humidity of 69%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 2012, January had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 26 dry days, 4 comfortable days, and no humid days; July had no dry days, 31 comfortable days, and no humid days; and October had 12 dry days, 19 comfortable days, and no humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 47 mph, occurring on February 12; the highest daily mean wind speed was 22 mph (December 24); and the highest wind gust speed was 48 mph (March 9).
The windiest month was February, with an average wind speed of 12 mph. The least windy month was August, with an average wind speed of 8 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 2012 with the lowest average visibility was July 6, with an average visibility of 0.6 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was June, with an average visibility of 11.0 mi. With an average visibility of 13.4 mi, the month of March had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 2012 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was July 6, with an average cloud ceiling of 167'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was December, with an average cloud ceiling of 3710'. The month of May has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 10171'.