This report describes the typical weather at the Varanasi Airport (Varanasi, India) weather station over the course of an average January. It is based on the historical records from 1998 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Varanasi has a warm temperate climate with dry winters and hot summers. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (97%) and lakes and rivers (3%).
The month of January is characterized by rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs ranging from 69°F to 74°F over the course of the month, exceeding 80°F or dropping below 58°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of January, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is January 4 with 10:36 hours of daylight; the longest day is January 30 with 10:58 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:43am on January 30; the latest sunset is at 5:41pm on January 31; the latest sunrise is at 6:47am on January 14; the earliest sunset is at 5:20pm on January 1.
Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover is 15% (mostly clear) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On January 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 42% of the time, partly cloudy 8% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 9% of the time.
The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 6%, with little variation over the course of the month.
Throughout January, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms, light rain, and drizzle.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 43% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around January 31, when it is observed during 3% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 39% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 26, when it is observed during 3% of all days.
Drizzle is the most severe precipitation observed during 11% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 7, when it is observed during 1% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in January or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 46% (comfortable) to 94% (very humid) over the course of a typical January, rarely dropping below 31% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around January 31, at which time the relative humidity drops below 54% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 7, rising above 92% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical January, the dew point typically varies from 45°F (dry) to 56°F (comfortable) and is rarely below 40°F (dry) or above 61°F (comfortable).
The time of the month between January 1 and January 31 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of January typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 7 mph (calm to light breeze), rarely exceeding 11 mph (gentle breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 3 mph (light air) occurs around January 30, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 7 mph (light breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 2 mph (light air) occurs around January 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 5 mph (light breeze).