This report describes the typical weather at the Adler-Sochi International Airport (Sochi, Russian Federation) weather station over the course of an average February. It is based on the historical records from 1997 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Sochi has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (57%), forests (17%), croplands (15%), and grasslands (11%).
The month of February is characterized by gradually rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 50°F throughout the month, exceeding 62°F or dropping below 40°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of February, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1:17 hours, implying an average day-over-day increase of 2.6 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is February 1 with 9:53 hours of daylight; the longest day is February 29 with 11:10 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:58am on February 29; the latest sunset is at 7:08pm on February 29; the latest sunrise is at 8:37am on February 1; the earliest sunset is at 6:31pm on February 1.
Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover is 96% (overcast) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On February 15, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 16% of the time, partly cloudy 6% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 75% of the time.
The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 57%, with little variation over the course of the month.
Throughout February, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and moderate snow.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 49% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around February 22, when it is observed during 29% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 24% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around February 23, when it is observed during 15% of all days.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 12% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around February 18, when it is observed during 7% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around February 7, occurring in 11% of days.
Accumulation at this location in February is very unlikely. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around February 1, occurring 7% of the time.
The snow is typically at its deepest on February 2, with a median depth of 1.8"; the depth exceeds 2.0" only one year out of ten.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 54% (mildly humid) to 94% (very humid) over the course of a typical February, rarely dropping below 33% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around February 17, at which time the relative humidity drops below 67% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around February 12, rising above 90% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical February, the dew point typically varies from 29°F (dry) to 41°F (dry) and is rarely below 21°F (dry) or above 48°F (dry).
Over the course of February typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 12 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 17 mph (moderate breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around February 8, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 12 mph (gentle breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 6 mph (light breeze) occurs around February 29, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).