This report describes the typical weather at the Doha International Airport (Doha, Qatar) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1978 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Doha has a hot desert climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (91%), lakes and rivers (5%), and built-up areas (3%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 57°F to 106°F and is rarely below 51°F or above 112°F.
The warm season lasts from May 10 to September 26 with an average daily high temperature above 99°F. The hottest day of the year is July 6, with an average high of 106°F and low of 87°F.
The cold season lasts from December 5 to March 6 with an average daily high temperature below 77°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 57°F and high of 70°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 10:34 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 13:43 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 4:42am on June 9 and the latest sunset is at 6:29pm on July 2. The latest sunrise is at 6:22am on January 13 and the earliest sunset is at 4:43pm on November 29.
Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover ranges from 0% (clear) to 20% (mostly clear). The sky is cloudiest on March 19 and clearest on June 15. The clearer part of the year begins around May 1. The cloudier part of the year begins around November 15.
On June 15, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
On March 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 23% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 54% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around March 4, occurring in 19% of days. Precipitation is least likely around August 25, occurring in 1% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate rain, thunderstorms, and light rain.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 47% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around March 7, when it is observed during 9% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 26% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around March 18, when it is observed during 6% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 23% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around February 8, when it is observed during 5% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 10 to September 26, there is a 1% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (30% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), thunderstorms (30%), light rain (17%), and drizzle (15%).
During the cold season, which lasts from December 5 to March 6, there is a 15% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (52% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), light rain (27%), and thunderstorms (19%).
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at any time during the year at this location or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 18% (dry) to 94% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 8% (very dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around May 28, at which time the relative humidity drops below 21% (dry) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 1, exceeding 90% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 44°F (dry) to 82°F (very oppressive) and is rarely below 33°F (dry) or above 87°F (very oppressive).
There are two periods in the year that are most comfortable: The first is between January 1 and April 17 and the second is between November 23 and December 31. The air feels neither too dry nor too muggy during these periods.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 1 mph to 18 mph (light air to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 27 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around June 15, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 18 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 20, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 12 mph (gentle breeze).