Average Weather In January For Kabul, Afghanistan

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Kabul International Airport (Kabul, Afghanistan) weather station over the course of an average January. It is based on the historical records from 2002 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Kabul has a cold desert climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by shrublands (50%), grasslands (41%), and croplands (8%).

Temperature

The month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 43°F throughout the month, exceeding 52°F or dropping below 33°F only one day in ten.

Daily High and Low Temperature in January

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
Daily low temperatures are around 24°F, falling below 13°F or exceeding 32°F only one day in ten.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands in January

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

Over the course of January, the length of the day is gradually increasing. The shortest day of the month is January 4 with 9:54 hours of daylight; the longest day is January 31 with 10:27 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:53am on January 31; the latest sunset is at 5:20pm on January 31; the latest sunrise is at 7:01am on January 11; the earliest sunset is at 4:53pm on January 1.

Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

The median cloud cover ranges from 60% (partly cloudy) to 71% (partly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 9% from the start to the end of the month.

Median Cloud Cover in January

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On January 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.

On January 29, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 20% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types in January

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around January 29, occurring in 33% of days. Precipitation is least likely around January 2, occurring in 23% of days.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day in January

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Throughout January, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate snow, light snow, and light rain.

Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 40% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 22, when it is observed during 13% of all days.

Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 27% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 24, when it is observed during 9% of all days.

Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 13% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 29, when it is observed during 5% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout January

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical January.

Snow

The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 28, occurring in 24% of days.

Probability of Snow Fall Being Reported in a Given Day in January

Probability that snow will be reported at least once in a given day.

Either snow rarely accumulates at this location in January or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 33% (comfortable) to 85% (very humid) over the course of a typical January, rarely dropping below 14% (very dry) and reaching as high as 99% (very humid).

The air is driest around January 2, at which time the relative humidity drops below 42% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 31, rising above 77% (humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity in January

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a typical January, the dew point typically varies from 11°F (dry) to 25°F (dry) and is rarely below -2°F (dry) or above 34°F (dry).

Dew Point in January

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of January typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 9 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 13 mph (moderate breeze).

The highest average wind speed of 5 mph (light breeze) occurs around January 17, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 9 mph (gentle breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 4 mph (light breeze) occurs around January 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 8 mph (gentle breeze).

Wind Speed in January

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the north west (20% of the time), north (19% of the time), and west (10% of the time). The wind is least often out of the south west (4% of the time).

Wind Directions in January

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions in January

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.