This report describes the typical weather at the Kabul International Airport (Kabul, Afghanistan) weather station over the course of an average January. It is based on the historical records from 2002 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Kabul has a cold desert climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by shrublands (50%), grasslands (41%), and croplands (8%).
The month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 43°F throughout the month, exceeding 52°F or dropping below 33°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of January, the length of the day is gradually increasing. The shortest day of the month is January 4 with 9:54 hours of daylight; the longest day is January 31 with 10:27 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:53am on January 31; the latest sunset is at 5:20pm on January 31; the latest sunrise is at 7:01am on January 11; the earliest sunset is at 4:53pm on January 1.
Daylight savings time (DST) is not observed in 2012.
The median cloud cover ranges from 60% (partly cloudy) to 71% (partly cloudy). The trend is for the sky to be becoming cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 9% from the start to the end of the month.
On January 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.
On January 29, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 20% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around January 29, occurring in 33% of days. Precipitation is least likely around January 2, occurring in 23% of days.
Throughout January, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate snow, light snow, and light rain.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 40% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 22, when it is observed during 13% of all days.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 27% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 24, when it is observed during 9% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 13% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 29, when it is observed during 5% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 28, occurring in 24% of days.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location in January or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 33% (comfortable) to 85% (very humid) over the course of a typical January, rarely dropping below 14% (very dry) and reaching as high as 99% (very humid).
The air is driest around January 2, at which time the relative humidity drops below 42% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 31, rising above 77% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical January, the dew point typically varies from 11°F (dry) to 25°F (dry) and is rarely below -2°F (dry) or above 34°F (dry).
Over the course of January typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 9 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 13 mph (moderate breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 5 mph (light breeze) occurs around January 17, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 9 mph (gentle breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 4 mph (light breeze) occurs around January 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 8 mph (gentle breeze).