Average Weather In October For Panama City

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Tocumen International Airport (Panama City) weather station over the course of an average October. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Panama City has a tropical monsoon climate with short dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (37%), forests (33%), and croplands (25%).

Temperature

The month of October is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 86°F throughout the month, exceeding 90°F or dropping below 82°F only one day in ten.

Daily High and Low Temperature in October

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
Daily low temperatures are around 74°F, falling below 72°F or exceeding 77°F only one day in ten.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands in October

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

Over the course of October, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is October 28 with 11:49 hours of daylight; the longest day is October 1 with 12:03 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:05am on October 13; the latest sunset is at 6:08pm on October 1; the latest sunrise is at 6:07am on October 28; the earliest sunset is at 5:55pm on October 31.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in 2012.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in October

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

The median cloud cover is 64% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.

Median Cloud Cover in October

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On October 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 23% of the time, partly cloudy 37% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 35% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types in October

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around October 8, occurring in 85% of days. Precipitation is least likely around October 31, occurring in 80% of days.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day in October

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Throughout October, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms and moderate rain.

Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 71% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around October 1, when it is observed during 64% of all days.

Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 18% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 31, when it is observed during 17% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout October

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical October.

Snow

Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in October or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 70% (humid) to 98% (very humid) over the course of a typical October, rarely dropping below 61% (mildly humid) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).

The air is driest around October 31, at which time the relative humidity drops below 75% (humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around October 28, rising above 99% (very humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity in October

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a typical October, the dew point typically varies from 72°F (very muggy) to 77°F (oppressive) and is rarely below 70°F (muggy) or above 79°F (oppressive).

Dew Point in October

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of October typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 11 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 16 mph (moderate breeze).

The highest average wind speed of 3 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 16, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 3 mph (light air) occurs around October 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).

Wind Speed in October

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the north east (10% of the time). The wind is least often out of the south east (3% of the time), south west (3% of the time), and east (4% of the time).

Wind Directions in October

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions in October

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.