This report describes the typical weather at the Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (Istanbul, Turkey) weather station over the course of an average November. It is based on the historical records from 2006 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Istanbul has a mediterranean climate with dry hot summers and mild winters. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (62%), oceans and seas (33%), and built-up areas (2%).
The month of November is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 63°F to 58°F over the course of the month, exceeding 70°F or dropping below 51°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of November, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 56 minutes, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 1.9 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is November 30 with 9:28 hours of daylight; the longest day is November 1 with 10:24 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 6:34am on November 1; the latest sunset is at 4:58pm on November 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:07am on November 30; the earliest sunset is at 4:36pm on November 30.
Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in November, so the entire month is in standard time.
The median cloud cover is 77% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On November 15, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 7% of the time, partly cloudy 24% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 44% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around November 28, occurring in 45% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 4, occurring in 40% of days.
Throughout November, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and thunderstorms.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 58% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 17, when it is observed during 25% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 25% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 23, when it is observed during 11% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 14% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around November 1, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around November 30, occurring in 4% of days.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location in November or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 52% (mildly humid) to 88% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 40% (comfortable), or exceeding 94% (very humid).
The air is driest around November 30, at which time the relative humidity drops below 59% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 11, rising above 85% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical November, the dew point typically varies from 37°F (dry) to 51°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below 31°F (dry) or above 56°F (comfortable).
Over the course of November typical wind speeds vary from 1 mph to 14 mph (light air to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 21 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around November 4, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 6 mph (light breeze) occurs around November 29, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 12 mph (gentle breeze).