This report describes the typical weather at the Ben Gurion International Airport (Tel Aviv, Israel) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Tel Aviv has a mediterranean climate with dry hot summers and mild winters. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (62%), oceans and seas (26%), shrublands (6%), and built-up areas (6%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 47°F to 89°F and is rarely below 41°F or above 92°F.
The warm season lasts from May 31 to October 15 with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is August 5, with an average high of 89°F and low of 73°F.
The cold season lasts from December 9 to March 10 with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is January 24, with an average low of 47°F and high of 63°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 10:03 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 14:15 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:29am on September 23 and the latest sunset is at 7:51pm on June 26. The latest sunrise is at 6:42am on January 6 and the earliest sunset is at 4:35pm on December 6.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 30 and ending in the fall on September 23.
The median cloud cover ranges from 21% (mostly clear) to 52% (partly cloudy). The sky is cloudiest on January 18 and clearest on June 19. The clearer part of the year begins around May 4. The cloudier part of the year begins around November 21.
On June 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 6% of the time.
On January 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 35% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around January 11, occurring in 44% of days. Precipitation is least likely around July 29, occurring in 1% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate rain, thunderstorms, and light rain.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 55% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 12, when it is observed during 24% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 25% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around February 1, when it is observed during 12% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 14% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 10, when it is observed during 6% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 31 to October 15, there is a 4% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (53% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), light rain (21%), thunderstorms (17%), and drizzle (8%).
During the cold season, which lasts from December 9 to March 10, there is a 41% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (55% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), thunderstorms (26%), and light rain (13%).
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at any time during the year at this location or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 37% (comfortable) to 94% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 16% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around April 20, at which time the relative humidity drops below 48% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around February 23, exceeding 89% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 39°F (dry) to 72°F (very muggy) and is rarely below 30°F (dry) or above 76°F (very muggy).
There are two periods in the year that are most comfortable: The first is between February 4 and June 6 and the second is between October 13 and December 31. The air feels neither too dry nor too muggy during these periods.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 16 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 25 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around February 10, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 6 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 15, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).