This report describes the typical weather at the Madrid-Torrejón Airport (Madrid, Spain) weather station over the course of an average March. It is based on the historical records from 1997 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Madrid has a cold semi-arid steppe climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (92%), shrublands (5%), and built-up areas (3%).
The month of March is characterized by rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs ranging from 58°F to 63°F over the course of the month, exceeding 73°F or dropping below 48°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of March, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1:21 hours, implying an average day-over-day increase of 2.6 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is March 1 with 11:18 hours of daylight; the longest day is March 31 with 12:39 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:10am on March 24; the latest sunset is at 8:37pm on March 31; the latest sunrise is at 8:08am on March 25; the earliest sunset is at 7:06pm on March 1.
Daylight savings time (DST) starts at 3:00am on March 25, 2012, shifting sunrise and sunset to an hour later.
The median cloud cover is 67% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On March 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 13% of the time, partly cloudy 17% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 27% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around March 23, occurring in 34% of days. Precipitation is least likely around March 1, occurring in 29% of days.
Throughout March, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate rain, light rain, and thunderstorms.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 42% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around March 20, when it is observed during 14% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 31% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around March 27, when it is observed during 11% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 10% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around March 31, when it is observed during 6% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in March or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 36% (comfortable) to 90% (very humid) over the course of a typical March, rarely dropping below 20% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around March 16, at which time the relative humidity drops below 44% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around March 1, rising above 86% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical March, the dew point typically varies from 29°F (dry) to 43°F (dry) and is rarely below 18°F (dry) or above 50°F (very comfortable).
Over the course of March typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 13 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 23 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around March 31, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around March 16, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 12 mph (moderate breeze).