Average Weather For Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Santa Fe Municipal Airport (Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Santa Fe, New Mexico has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by shrublands (61%), forests (20%), and grasslands (18%).

Temperature

Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 88°F and is rarely below 9°F or above 94°F.

Daily High and Low Temperature

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

The warm season lasts from May 26 to September 13 with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is June 30, with an average high of 88°F and low of 59°F.

The cold season lasts from November 21 to February 19 with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 1, with an average low of 19°F and high of 41°F.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 9:45 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 14:35 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:48am on June 9 and the latest sunset is at 8:24pm on July 1. The latest sunrise is at 7:29am on November 3 and the earliest sunset is at 4:51pm on December 5.

Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 11 and ending in the fall on November 4.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Savings Time

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight savings time are indicated by the "DST" labels.

Clouds

The median cloud cover ranges from 11% (mostly clear) to 37% (mostly clear). The sky is cloudiest on August 5 and clearest on November 7. The clearer part of the year begins around September 12. The cloudier part of the year begins around February 7.

Median Cloud Cover

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On November 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.

On August 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 43% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 38% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around August 3, occurring in 48% of days. Precipitation is least likely around November 7, occurring in 19% of days.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are thunderstorms, light rain, and light snow.

Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 40% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around August 1, when it is observed during 35% of all days.

Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 24% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around August 19, when it is observed during 11% of all days.

Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 20% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 10, when it is observed during 15% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout the Year

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical year.

During the warm season, which lasts from May 26 to September 13, there is a 39% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of thunderstorms (68% of days with precipitation have at worst thunderstorms), light rain (24%), and moderate rain (5%).

During the cold season, which lasts from November 21 to February 19, there is a 24% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light snow (56% of days with precipitation have at worst light snow), moderate snow (21%), and light rain (14%).

Warm Season Precipitation

Cold Season Precipitation

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation during the warm and cold seasons respectively.

Snow

The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 10, occurring in 21% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from November 2 to April 19.

Probability of Snow Fall Being Reported in a Given Day

Probability that snow will be reported at least once in a given day. The season is defined as the period during which the probability is greater than one third the maximum probability.

Either snow rarely accumulates at this location or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 17% (dry) to 89% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 8% (very dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).

The air is driest around June 9, at which time the relative humidity drops below 20% (dry) three days out of four; it is most humid around December 22, exceeding 81% (humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 10°F (dry) to 55°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below 0°F (dry) or above 61°F (comfortable).

The time of the year between July 4 and September 8 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.

Dew Point

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 21 mph (calm to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 29 mph (strong breeze).

The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around April 11, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 21 mph (fresh breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around August 23, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 17 mph (moderate breeze).

Wind Speed

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the north (22% of the time) and south west (12% of the time). The wind is least often out of the east (3% of the time) and north east (4% of the time).

Wind Directions Over the Entire Year

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.