This report describes the typical weather at the Sacramento Executive Airport (Sacramento, California, United States) weather station over the course of an average October. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Sacramento, California has a mediterranean climate with dry hot summers and mild winters. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (75%), croplands (21%), and forests (2%).
The month of October is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 83°F to 71°F over the course of the month, exceeding 94°F or dropping below 62°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of October, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1:11 hours, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 2.3 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is October 31 with 10:35 hours of daylight; the longest day is October 1 with 11:46 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:03am on October 1; the latest sunset is at 6:48pm on October 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:32am on October 31; the earliest sunset is at 6:07pm on October 31.
Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in October, so the entire month is in daylight time.
The median cloud cover ranges from 1% (clear) to 19% (mostly clear). The trend is for the sky to be becoming rapidly cloudier with the median cloud cover increasing by 18% from the start to the end of the month.
On October 1, the clearest day of the month, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 85% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 14% of the time.
On October 31, the cloudiest day of the month, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 37% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 63% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around October 31, occurring in 21% of days. Precipitation is least likely around October 1, occurring in 11% of days.
Throughout October, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and thunderstorms.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 53% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 31, when it is observed during 11% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 29% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 31, when it is observed during 7% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 11% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around October 22, when it is observed during 2% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in October or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 31% (comfortable) to 91% (very humid) over the course of a typical October, rarely dropping below 16% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around October 1, at which time the relative humidity drops below 39% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around October 31, rising above 88% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical October, the dew point typically varies from 41°F (dry) to 54°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below 30°F (dry) or above 59°F (comfortable).
The time of the month between October 1 and October 31 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of October typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 11 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 18 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 6 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 5 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 27, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 10 mph (gentle breeze).