Average Weather In December For New York, USA

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the New York City (New York, United States) weather station over the course of an average December. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

New York, New York has a humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by built-up areas (48%), oceans and seas (22%), forests (16%), grasslands (7%), and lakes and rivers (5%).

Temperature

The month of December is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 48°F to 41°F over the course of the month, exceeding 59°F or dropping below 29°F only one day in ten.

Daily High and Low Temperature in December

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
Daily low temperatures range from 28°F to 35°F, falling below 15°F or exceeding 46°F only one day in ten.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands in December

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

Over the course of December, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 25 with 9:14 hours of daylight; the longest day is December 1 with 9:28 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 7:01am on December 1; the latest sunset is at 4:38pm on December 31; the latest sunrise is at 7:20am on December 30; the earliest sunset is at 4:28pm on December 7.

Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in December, so the entire month is in standard time.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Savings Time in December

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight savings time are indicated by the "DST" labels.

Clouds

The median cloud cover is 77% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.

Median Cloud Cover in December

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On December 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 31% of the time, partly cloudy 12% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 49% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types in December

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 44%, with little variation over the course of the month.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day in December

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Throughout December, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, light snow, and moderate rain.

Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 32% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 2, when it is observed during 17% of all days.

Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 24% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 31, when it is observed during 15% of all days.

Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 21% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 1, when it is observed during 11% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout December

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical December.

Snow

The likelihood of snow falling is highest around December 31, occurring in 22% of days.

Probability of Snow Fall Being Reported in a Given Day in December

Probability that snow will be reported at least once in a given day.

Accumulation at this location in December is unlikely. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around December 31, occurring 12% of the time.

Chance of at Least Some Snow on the Ground in December

The probability that there is snow on the ground.

The snow is typically at its deepest on December 1, with a median depth of 3.9"; the depth exceeds 4.2" only one year out of ten.

Snow Depth When there is Snow on the Ground in December

The median depth of snow during times when there is at least some snow on the ground, with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 49% (comfortable) to 82% (humid) over the course of a typical December, rarely dropping below 32% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).

The air is driest around December 12, at which time the relative humidity drops below 57% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around December 1, rising above 70% (humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity in December

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a typical December, the dew point typically varies from 15°F (dry) to 37°F (dry) and is rarely below -0°F (dry) or above 54°F (very comfortable).

Dew Point in December

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of December typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 16 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 24 mph (strong breeze).

The highest average wind speed of 9 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around December 31, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 9 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around December 2, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).

Wind Speed in December

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the west (17% of the time), south west (13% of the time), and north west (11% of the time). The wind is least often out of the south east (4% of the time).

Wind Directions in December

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions in December

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.