This report describes the typical weather at the Oceana Naval Air Station (Virginia Beach, United States) weather station over the course of an average October. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Virginia Beach, Virginia has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (58%), forests (18%), croplands (16%), built-up areas (7%), and lakes and rivers (3%).
The month of October is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 75°F to 66°F over the course of the month, exceeding 83°F or dropping below 56°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of October, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1:06 hours, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 2.1 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is October 31 with 10:41 hours of daylight; the longest day is October 1 with 11:47 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:00am on October 1; the latest sunset is at 6:46pm on October 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:27am on October 31; the earliest sunset is at 6:08pm on October 31.
Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in October, so the entire month is in daylight time.
The median cloud cover is 62% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On October 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 36% of the time, partly cloudy 19% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 44% of the time.
The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 35%, with little variation over the course of the month.
Throughout October, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and thunderstorms.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 55% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 29, when it is observed during 20% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 21% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 22, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 12% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around October 1, when it is observed during 7% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in October or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 51% (mildly humid) to 90% (very humid) over the course of a typical October, rarely dropping below 33% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around October 31, at which time the relative humidity drops below 62% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around October 1, rising above 84% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical October, the dew point typically varies from 41°F (dry) to 63°F (mildy humid) and is rarely below 29°F (dry) or above 71°F (very muggy).
The time of the month between October 1 and October 31 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of October typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 14 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 21 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around October 27, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around October 5, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).