Average Weather In May For Merced, California, USA

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Merced Municipal Airport (Merced, California, United States) weather station over the course of an average May. It is based on the historical records from 1998 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Merced, California has a cold semi-arid steppe climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (67%), croplands (26%), and forests (6%).

Temperature

The month of May is characterized by rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing from 77°F to 84°F over the course of the month, exceeding 95°F or dropping below 67°F only one day in ten.

Daily High and Low Temperature in May

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
Daily low temperatures range from 50°F to 55°F, falling below 44°F or exceeding 62°F only one day in ten.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands in May

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

Over the course of May, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 48 minutes, implying an average day-over-day increase of 1.5 minutes.

The shortest day of the month is May 1 with 13:45 hours of daylight; the longest day is May 31 with 14:33 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:44am on May 30; the latest sunset is at 8:17pm on May 31; the latest sunrise is at 6:07am on May 1; the earliest sunset is at 7:52pm on May 1.

Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in May, so the entire month is in daylight time.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Savings Time in May

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight savings time are indicated by the "DST" labels.

Clouds

The median cloud cover is 1% (clear) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.

Median Cloud Cover in May

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On May 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 84% of the time, partly cloudy 2% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 10% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types in May

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around May 1, occurring in 14% of days. Precipitation is least likely around May 29, occurring in 7% of days.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day in May

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Throughout May, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and thunderstorms.

Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 58% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around May 1, when it is observed during 8% of all days.

Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 22% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around May 1, when it is observed during 3% of all days.

Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 11% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around May 4, when it is observed during 2% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout May

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical May.

Snow

Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in May or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 26% (dry) to 84% (humid) over the course of a typical May, rarely dropping below 16% (dry) and reaching as high as 98% (very humid).

The air is driest around May 19, at which time the relative humidity drops below 30% (comfortable) three days out of four; it is most humid around May 1, rising above 77% (humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity in May

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a typical May, the dew point typically varies from 38°F (dry) to 52°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below 28°F (dry) or above 59°F (comfortable).

Dew Point in May

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of May typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 14 mph (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 19 mph (fresh breeze).

The highest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around May 31, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around May 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).

Wind Speed in May

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the north west (30% of the time), north (11% of the time), and west (10% of the time). The wind is least often out of the north east (1% of the time), south west (3% of the time), and south (3% of the time).

Wind Directions in May

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions in May

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.