This report describes the typical weather at the Austin Straubel International Airport (Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Green Bay, Wisconsin has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (47%), croplands (41%), oceans and seas (8%), and built-up areas (3%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 9°F to 81°F and is rarely below -10°F or above 89°F.
The warm season lasts from May 24 to September 17 with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 81°F and low of 61°F.
The cold season lasts from November 29 to March 7 with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of 9°F and high of 24°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 8:49 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 15:34 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:07am on June 18 and the latest sunset is at 8:42pm on June 23. The latest sunrise is at 7:34am on November 3 and the earliest sunset is at 4:12pm on December 12.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 11 and ending in the fall on November 4.
The median cloud cover ranges from 35% (mostly clear) to 90% (mostly cloudy). The sky is cloudiest on December 2 and clearest on July 21. The clearer part of the year begins around April 30. The cloudier part of the year begins around October 11.
On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
On December 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 36% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around January 14, occurring in 59% of days. Precipitation is least likely around August 19, occurring in 44% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are light snow, light rain, moderate rain, and thunderstorms.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 30% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 17, when it is observed during 41% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 23% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 12, when it is observed during 20% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 21% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around September 12, when it is observed during 15% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 14% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around July 13, when it is observed during 18% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 24 to September 17, there is a 45% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of thunderstorms (33% of days with precipitation have at worst thunderstorms), light rain (31%), and moderate rain (30%).
During the cold season, which lasts from November 29 to March 7, there is a 56% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light snow (64% of days with precipitation have at worst light snow), moderate snow (17%), moderate rain (8%), and light rain (5%).
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 17, occurring in 52% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from November 4 to April 12.
During peak snow season, accumulation at this location on a given day is just more likely than not. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around February 4, occurring 58% of the time. The season in which snow is relatively likely to be on the ground spans from November 21 to April 3.
The snow is typically at its deepest on May 5, with a median depth of 18.8"; the depth exceeds 61.2" only one year out of ten.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 43% (comfortable) to 95% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 26% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around May 1, at which time the relative humidity drops below 52% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around August 27, exceeding 93% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 3°F (dry) to 66°F (muggy) and is rarely below -19°F (dry) or above 73°F (very muggy).
There are two periods in the year that are most comfortable: The first is between May 16 and July 12 and the second is between August 1 and October 1. The air feels neither too dry nor too muggy during these periods.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 mph to 18 mph (calm to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 25 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around April 7, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 18 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 7 mph (light breeze) occurs around August 6, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).