This report describes the typical weather at the Patrick Air Force Base (Cocoa Beach, Florida, United States) weather station over the course of an average January. It is based on the historical records from 2000 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Cocoa Beach, Florida has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (44%), croplands (25%), grasslands (13%), lakes and rivers (9%), and forests (7%).
The month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 69°F throughout the month, exceeding 78°F or dropping below 59°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of January, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is January 1 with 10:23 hours of daylight; the longest day is January 31 with 10:50 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:11am on January 30; the latest sunset is at 6:01pm on January 31; the latest sunrise is at 7:16am on January 13; the earliest sunset is at 5:37pm on January 1.
Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in January, so the entire month is in standard time.
The median cloud cover is 42% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On January 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 41% of the time, partly cloudy 8% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 33% of the time.
The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 29%, with little variation over the course of the month.
Throughout January, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, moderate rain, and drizzle.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 50% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 10, when it is observed during 15% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 25% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 5, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
Drizzle is the most severe precipitation observed during 13% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 7, when it is observed during 4% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in January or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 55% (mildly humid) to 90% (very humid) over the course of a typical January, rarely dropping below 36% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around January 12, at which time the relative humidity drops below 65% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around January 27, rising above 86% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical January, the dew point typically varies from 47°F (dry) to 59°F (comfortable) and is rarely below 30°F (dry) or above 69°F (muggy).
The time of the month between January 1 and January 31 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of January typical wind speeds vary from 4 mph to 15 mph (light breeze to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 22 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around January 27, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around January 3, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).