Average Weather In December For Tromsø, Norway

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Tromsø Airport (Tromsø, Norway) weather station over the course of an average December. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Tromsø has a humid subarctic continental climate with cool summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by tundra (47%), oceans and seas (36%), and forests (14%).

Temperature

The month of December is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs ranging from 34°F to 30°F over the course of the month, exceeding 41°F or dropping below 19°F only one day in ten.

Daily High and Low Temperature in December

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
Daily low temperatures range from 21°F to 25°F, falling below 10°F or exceeding 35°F only one day in ten.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands in December

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

Over the course of December, the length of the day is essentially constant.

Due to its extreme latitude, Tromsø experiences polar night during winter. During this period of time, the Sun remains continuously below the horizon for a prolonged period of time.

This station is in polar night during all of December, meaning the Sun is continuously below the horizon.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in December, so the entire month is in standard time.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Savings Time in December

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight savings time are indicated by the "DST" labels.

Clouds

The median cloud cover is 81% (mostly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.

Median Cloud Cover in December

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On December 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 20% of the time, partly cloudy 20% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 44% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types in December

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The average probability that some form of precipitation will be observed in a given day is 73%, with little variation over the course of the month.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day in December

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Throughout December, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate snow, light snow, and moderate rain.

Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 63% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 31, when it is observed during 48% of all days.

Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 18% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 26, when it is observed during 14% of all days.

Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 11% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 1, when it is observed during 11% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout December

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical December.

Snow

The likelihood of snow falling is highest around December 30, occurring in 64% of days.

Probability of Snow Fall Being Reported in a Given Day in December

Probability that snow will be reported at least once in a given day.

Accumulation at this location in December is extremely unlikely. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around December 31, occurring 4% of the time.

Chance of at Least Some Snow on the Ground in December

The probability that there is snow on the ground.

The snow is typically at its deepest on December 14, with a median depth of 9.6"; the depth exceeds 10.6" only one year out of ten.

Snow Depth When there is Snow on the Ground in December

The median depth of snow during times when there is at least some snow on the ground, with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 64% (mildly humid) to 92% (very humid) over the course of a typical December, rarely dropping below 49% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).

The air is driest around December 25, at which time the relative humidity drops below 73% (humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around December 11, rising above 89% (very humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity in December

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a typical December, the dew point typically varies from 15°F (dry) to 28°F (dry) and is rarely below 4°F (dry) or above 36°F (dry).

Dew Point in December

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of December typical wind speeds vary from 1 mph to 19 mph (light air to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 31 mph (high wind).

The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around December 24, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 19 mph (fresh breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around December 1, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 19 mph (fresh breeze).

Wind Speed in December

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the south (29% of the time), south west (15% of the time), north (11% of the time), and north east (11% of the time). The wind is least often out of the north west (2% of the time), south east (3% of the time), and east (5% of the time).

Wind Directions in December

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions in December

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.