This report describes the typical weather at the Kirkenes Airport (Kirkenes, Norway) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1985 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Kirkenes has a humid subarctic continental climate with cool summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by forests (32%), oceans and seas (26%), grasslands (22%), tundra (9%), and shrublands (7%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 6°F to 61°F and is rarely below -13°F or above 73°F.
The warm season lasts from June 14 to September 5 with an average daily high temperature above 52°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 61°F and low of 49°F.
The cold season lasts from November 20 to March 16 with an average daily high temperature below 27°F. The coldest day of the year is February 1, with an average low of 6°F and high of 18°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 0:00 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 24:00 hours of daylight.
Due to its extreme latitude, Kirkenes experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during summer and polar night during winter. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.
In summer, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 67 days, from May 18 to July 24.
In winter, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 49 days, from November 27 to January 15.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 25 and ending in the fall on October 28.
The median cloud cover ranges from 61% (partly cloudy) to 83% (mostly cloudy). The sky is cloudiest on September 9 and clearest on March 21. The clearer part of the year begins around December 14. The cloudier part of the year begins around April 26.
On March 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.
On September 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 63% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 14% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around November 23, occurring in 79% of days. Precipitation is least likely around July 12, occurring in 59% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate snow, light snow, light rain, and moderate rain.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 32% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around December 11, when it is observed during 43% of all days.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 27% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around February 2, when it is observed during 35% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 17% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around August 15, when it is observed during 24% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 17% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around September 4, when it is observed during 28% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from June 14 to September 5, there is a 60% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (41% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), light rain (38%), drizzle (10%), and thunderstorms (5%).
During the cold season, which lasts from November 20 to March 16, there is a 75% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate snow (51% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate snow) and light snow (42%).
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around December 29, occurring in 76% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from October 4 to May 24.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 53% (mildly humid) to 97% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 32% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around May 29, at which time the relative humidity drops below 63% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 2, exceeding 94% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 2°F (dry) to 50°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below -18°F (dry) or above 57°F (comfortable).
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 2 mph to 20 mph (light air to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 31 mph (high wind).
The highest average wind speed of 12 mph (moderate breeze) occurs around January 23, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 19 mph (fresh breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 8 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around August 6, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 13 mph (moderate breeze).