This report describes the typical weather at the Munich International Airport (Franz Josef Strauß International Airport) (Munich, Germany) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1974 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Munich has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (60%), croplands (33%), built-up areas (5%), and forests (3%).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 75°F and is rarely below 10°F or above 85°F.
The warm season lasts from May 29 to September 8 with an average daily high temperature above 67°F. The hottest day of the year is August 6, with an average high of 75°F and low of 56°F.
The cold season lasts from November 15 to March 3 with an average daily high temperature below 44°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 25°F and high of 36°F.
The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 8:18 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 16:05 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 5:11am on June 14 and the latest sunset is at 9:18pm on June 27. The latest sunrise is at 8:05am on December 29 and the earliest sunset is at 4:18pm on December 10.
Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 25 and ending in the fall on October 28.
The median cloud cover ranges from 68% (partly cloudy) to 90% (mostly cloudy). The sky is cloudiest on December 9 and clearest on August 15. The clearer part of the year begins around May 13. The cloudier part of the year begins around September 30.
On August 15, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
On December 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 12% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around December 13, occurring in 73% of days. Precipitation is least likely around October 5, occurring in 56% of days.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are moderate rain, moderate snow, thunderstorms, and light rain.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 39% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 22, when it is observed during 33% of all days.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 19% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 10, when it is observed during 32% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 16% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around June 25, when it is observed during 26% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 14% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 15, when it is observed during 12% of all days.
During the warm season, which lasts from May 29 to September 8, there is a 62% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate rain (42% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate rain), thunderstorms (38%), and light rain (16%).
During the cold season, which lasts from November 15 to March 3, there is a 69% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of moderate snow (41% of days with precipitation have at worst moderate snow), moderate rain (27%), light snow (14%), and light rain (10%).
The likelihood of snow falling is highest around January 16, occurring in 46% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from November 4 to April 18.
Either snow rarely accumulates at this location or snow depth measurements are unavailable or unreliable.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 47% (comfortable) to 97% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 29% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
The air is driest around April 23, at which time the relative humidity drops below 58% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around November 20, exceeding 94% (very humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from 21°F (dry) to 59°F (comfortable) and is rarely below 7°F (dry) or above 64°F (mildy humid).
The time of the year between May 19 and October 6 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 1 mph to 14 mph (light air to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 28 mph (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 9 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around December 26, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 14 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 6 mph (light breeze) occurs around August 13, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 11 mph (gentle breeze).