Average Weather For Churchill, Manitoba, Canada

Location

This report describes the typical weather at the Churchill Airport (Churchill, Manitoba, Canada) weather station over the course of an average year. It is based on the historical records from 1977 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.

Churchill, Manitoba has a humid subarctic continental climate with cool summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by tundra (45%), oceans and seas (44%), shrublands (7%), and lakes and rivers (3%).

Temperature

Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from -22°F to 64°F and is rarely below -34°F or above 78°F.

Daily High and Low Temperature

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) temperature with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

The warm season lasts from June 9 to September 14 with an average daily high temperature above 50°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 64°F and low of 48°F.

The cold season lasts from November 30 to March 18 with an average daily high temperature below 7°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of -22°F and high of -8°F.

Fraction of Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands

The average fraction of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid (below 15°F), freezing (15°F to 32°F), cold (32°F to 50°F), cool (50°F to 65°F), comfortable (65°F to 75°F), warm (75°F to 85°F), hot (85°F to 100°F) and sweltering (above 100°F).

Sun

The length of the day varies significantly over the course of the year. The shortest day is December 21 with 6:17 hours of daylight; the longest day is June 20 with 18:25 hours of daylight.

Daily Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line), with various degrees of daylight, twilight, and night, indicated by the color bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray): full daylight, solar twilight (Sun is visible but less than 6° from the horizon), civil twilight (Sun is not visible but is less than 6° below the horizon), nautical twilight (Sun is between 6° and 12° below the horizon), astronomical twilight (Sun is between 12° and 18° below the horizon), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:05am on June 19 and the latest sunset is at 10:31pm on June 21. The latest sunrise is at 9:09am on December 27 and the earliest sunset is at 3:20pm on December 14.

Daylight savings time (DST) is observed in this location during 2012, starting in the spring on March 11 and ending in the fall on November 4.

Daily Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Savings Time

The solar day over the course of the year 2012 . From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (solar, civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight savings time are indicated by the "DST" labels.

Clouds

The median cloud cover ranges from 62% (partly cloudy) to 98% (overcast). The sky is cloudiest on October 24 and clearest on February 14. The clearer part of the year begins around December 17. The cloudier part of the year begins around April 10.

Median Cloud Cover

The median daily cloud cover (black line) with percentile bands (inner band from 40th to 60th percentile, outer band from 25th to 75th percentile).

On February 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time.

On October 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast, mostly cloudy, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear or mostly clear 11% of the time.

Cloud Cover Types

The fraction of time spent in each of the five sky cover categories. From top (most blue) to bottom (most gray), the categories are clear, mostly clear, partly cloudy, mostly cloudy, and overcast. Pink indicates missing data. Outside of the United States clear skies are often reported ambiguously, leading them to be lumped in with the missing data.

Precipitation

The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the year. Precipitation is most likely around October 26, occurring in 82% of days. Precipitation is least likely around July 5, occurring in 54% of days.

Probability of Precipitation at Some Point in the Day

The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.

Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are light snow, light rain, and moderate snow.

Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 56% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 17, when it is observed during 63% of all days.

Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 18% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around August 19, when it is observed during 34% of all days.

Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 10% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 27, when it is observed during 14% of all days.

Types of Precipitation Throughout the Year

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation over the course of a typical year.

During the warm season, which lasts from June 9 to September 14, there is a 59% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light rain (48% of days with precipitation have at worst light rain), moderate rain (18%), thunderstorms (11%), and light snow (9%).

During the cold season, which lasts from November 30 to March 18, there is a 60% average chance that precipitation will be observed at some point during a given day. When precipitation does occur it is most often in the form of light snow (88% of days with precipitation have at worst light snow) and moderate snow (10%).

Warm Season Precipitation

Cold Season Precipitation

Relative frequency of various types of precipitation during the warm and cold seasons respectively.

Snow

The likelihood of snow falling is highest around November 12, occurring in 77% of days. The season in which it is relatively likely for snow to fall spans from September 17 to June 8.

Probability of Snow Fall Being Reported in a Given Day

Probability that snow will be reported at least once in a given day. The season is defined as the period during which the probability is greater than one third the maximum probability.

During peak snow season, accumulation at this location on a given day is about as likely as not. The chances of there being snow on the ground are highest around December 17, occurring 46% of the time. The season in which snow is relatively likely to be on the ground spans from October 8 to May 30.

Chance of at Least Some Snow on the Ground

The probability that there is snow on the ground. The season is defined as the period during which the probability is greater than one third of the maximum probability.

The snow is typically at its deepest on April 8, with a median depth of 13.1"; the depth exceeds 22.8" only one year out of ten.

Snow Depth When there is Snow on the Ground

The median depth of snow during times when there is at least some snow on the ground, with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Humidity

The relative humidity typically ranges from 57% (mildly humid) to 97% (very humid) over the course of the year, rarely dropping below 35% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).

The air is driest around July 8, at which time the relative humidity drops below 70% (humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around August 19, exceeding 95% (very humid) three days out of four.

Relative Humidity

The average daily high (blue) and low (brown) relative humidity with percentile bands (inner bands from 25th to 75th percentile, outer bands from 10th to 90th percentile).

Dew Point

Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.

Over the course of a year, the dew point typically varies from -30°F (dry) to 53°F (very comfortable) and is rarely below -43°F (dry) or above 61°F (comfortable).

The time of the year between July 11 and August 24 is the most comfortable, with dew points that are neither too dry nor too muggy.

Dew Point

The daily average low (blue) and high (red) dew point with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).

Wind

Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 4 mph to 21 mph (light breeze to fresh breeze), rarely exceeding 33 mph (high wind).

The highest average wind speed of 15 mph (moderate breeze) occurs around November 10, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 21 mph (fresh breeze).

The lowest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around July 18, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 16 mph (moderate breeze).

Wind Speed

The average daily minimum (red), maximum (green), and average (black) wind speed with percentile bands (inner band from 25th to 75th percentile, outer band from 10th to 90th percentile).
The wind is most often out of the north west (21% of the time), west (17% of the time), north (14% of the time), and south (11% of the time).

Wind Directions Over the Entire Year

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions over the entire year. Values do not sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.

Fraction of Time Spent with Various Wind Directions

The fraction of time spent with the wind blowing from the various directions on a daily basis. Stacked values do not always sum to 100% because the wind direction is undefined when the wind speed is zero.